CBD 101

What is CBD? CBD is a type of cannabinoid found in the hemp plant. It interacts with the human body in a very important way. 

Human beings have known the medicinal properties of the cannabis plant for more than 10,000 years, but the discovery of the bodily functions called the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) in the 1940s and its subsequent scientific investigation has dramatically altered the relationship with this significant plant. 

The ECS is a complex communication network which exists throughout the human body. It is comprised of receptors, endocannabinoids (molecules produced by your body), and phytocannabinoids (molecules produced by plants). Both types of cannabinoid molecules are almost identical.

The ECS is intimately involved in regulating every level of existence. Cell division, metabolism, immune system functioning and brain activity are all intrinsically linked to the ECS. Because the ECS is involved in a variety functions throughout the body, many seemingly distinct diseases share a common issue: a dysfunctional ECS.

Through the ECS, cannabinoid receptors which are located on every cell in the body talk to each other. This helps maintain harmony within and between different systems. Cannabinoid 1 receptors (CB1) are most abundant in the brain and central nervous system, while Cannabinoid 2 receptors (CB2) are most concentrated in the immune system, peripheral nervous system and skin.

Cannabinoids are keys. Receptors on cells are locks. When the key is turned, a signal is sent to that cell and it releases endocannabinoids. These new endocannabinoids in turn signal other cells which release more endocannabinoids.

Endocannabinoids are essentially tiny messengers telling cells about their energy and stress states. When they arrive at a new cell, the cell can adjust what it’s doing according to what the endocannabinoids tells it. This process helps maintain a healthy and properly functioning body, known as homeostasis.